Bible Commentary for 1 Chronicles 1 thru 19
1 Chronicles Chapter 1
Verses 1 – 4 gives the account of man’s beginnings to the flood. The total number of years in this listing amounts to 1,656 years. The calculations are based on Genesis chapter 5. The human race descended through Adam’s son Seth. No mention is made of Cain’s descendants who all died during the flood.
Verses 5 – 27 lists the descendants of each of Noah’s three sons, Shem, Ham and Japheth. (See Genesis 10:1 – 11:26) According to the NIV Bible Commentary, Volume I, page 588, “The seven sons of Japheth founded the people of Europe and northern Asia (e.g., from Javan comes Greek Ionia; from Gomer, the ancient Cimmerians of the Russian plains; and from Madai, the Medes and Persians of Iran. Tubal and Meshech were ancestors of the eighth-century Tabali and Mushki, who inhabited the Turkish plateau, according to contemporary Assyrian inscriptions). The four sons of Ham founded ethnic groups in Africa and southwestern Asia. Yet the five sons of Cush founded tribes that extended eastward from the coast of the Red Sea, across southern Arabia, to the Kassites in the Tigris-Euphrates Valley. The Hamitic Philistines were “sea peoples” before settling in Palestine, coming from the Casluhim, who were of Egyptian origin, but are related to the Minoan culture of Caphtor (Crete) and the southern coast of Asia Minor (Am. 9:7). The five sons of Shem produced the peoples who remained closest to humankind’s original home in West-central Asia. Yet they ranged from Elam, north of the Persian Gulf to Aram in Syria and Lud (Lydia) in central Turkey.”
Shem’s line of descendants is traced to Abraham. From the flood to the time when Abraham was told by Jehovah to leave Haran to go to a land that He would show him when he was 75 years old, there were 427 years. From Adam to Abraham, one-third of human history would have passed.
Verses 28-34 lists Abraham’s descendants through Sarah, Hagar and Keturah.
Verses 35-37 list Isaac’s descendants through Esau. Esau had five sons. There was intermarriage between Esau’s descendants and the Horites. His son Eliphaz had a concubine named Timna, who was the sister of Lotan, a Seirite, and she was the mother of Amalek.
Verses 38-42 lists the descendants of Seir, the Horite, who lived in Edom or Seir before Esau dispossessed them and began to live there. (Genesis 36:20-30) In verse 42, Uz is said to be a son of Dishan. Uz is associated with the patriarch Job who is said to have lived there. (Job 1:1) This could mean that Job could have been a Horite or an early descendant of Esau. Job's friend Eliphaz was a Temanite (Job 2:11) as Eliphaz, son of Esau, did have a son named Teman, (vs. 36), who headed the clan of Teman (vss. 51-54).
Verses 43-54 gives a list of kings who ruled in Edom before Israel had kings. (Genesis 36:31-39)
1 Chronicles Chapter 2
The account now focuses on the twelve sons of Israel (Jacob). The descendants of Judah, Jacob’s fourth son, are given first because they became the dominant tribe although they did not have the firstborn rights. His first three sons were by a Canaanite woman who later died. The eldest, Er, died because of being wicked in Jehovah’s eyes before he was able to produce a son. The second son, Onan, died because he refused to perform levirate marriage on behalf of his brother, Er. His third son, Shelah, was too young for marriage but when he came of age, Judah refused to allow him to marry Tamar. So she tricked Judah into having relations with her and she bore him twin sons, Perez and Zerah. The better known descendant of Zered through Zimri was Achan, who took things devoted to Jehovah from Jericho and caused Israel to be routed by the men of Ai. (Verse 7)
Verse 9 lists descendants of Perez’s son, Hezron. Hezron’s son Ram was the ancestor of Jesse and hence of David. Verse 13 lists the seven sons of Jesse but 1 Samuel 17:12 says that Jesse had eight sons. Some scholars believe that this son may have died at an early age.
Verses 18-25 lists descendants of Caleb the son of Hezron, who was the antecedent of Bezalel through his son Hur, Bezalel was the one Jehovah chose to supervise the building of the Tabernacle under Moses. (Exodus 31:1-5)
Verse 55 lists the Kenites who descended from Hammoth, the father of the Rechabites. Jehonadab, a Rechabite, had gone with Jehu when he eradicated Baalism from Israel. He had commanded his descendants to refrain from drinking wine and in the days of Jeremiah, Jehovah called Israel’s attention to how the Rechabites were still obedient to Jehonadab, their father, but Israel was not obedient to Him. (Jeremiah Chapter 35)
1 Chronicles Chapter 3
The royal line is now given prominence. David’s sons are now listed. Six were born to him during his seven and one-half year-rule at Hebron. His four sons by Bathsheba are listed separately and then nine other sons, all of these being born in Jerusalem during his thirty-three year reign there. Only one of David’s daughters are named and that is Tamar, who was raped by her half brother, Amnon.
Verses 10-16 lists the kings who ruled in Jerusalem after David died. Verse 15 lists Josiah’s four sons and we find that one of his younger sons, Shallum (Jehoahaz), succeeded Josiah as king. His eldest son may have died before he did. Egypt's Pharaoh Necho took Jehoahaz off the throne and put Jehoiakim, his second son, on the throne. Later Nebuchadnezzar removed Jehoiachin, the son of Jehoiakim, from the throne and took him to Babylon and he put Josiah’s fourth son, Zedekiah, on the throne.
Verse 17 lists the seven sons of Jehoiachin who were taken to Babylon in the eighth year of Nebuchadnezzar. His first-born, Shealtiel, may have died before having children. His third son, Pedaiah, is listed as the father of Zerubbabel. Ezra 3:2, 8 says that Zerubbabel was the son of Shealtiel. If levirate marriage was still practiced in Babylon, Pedaiah may have produced a son by his brother’s wife so that his brother’s name would continue.
Jehoiachin’s son, Shenazzar, is believed to be Sheshbazzar in Ezra 1:11 who was given the responsibility for the items of silver and gold that the exiles brought to Jerusalem after their release from Babylon. Ezra 5:14 also says that King Cyrus appointed him governor. Not much is said about him other than that he laid the foundations of the temple but did not complete the work. (Ezra 5:16)
1 Chronicles Chapter 4
This chapter continues the genealogy of Judah beginning with the fifth generation through Perez.
Verses 5-8 are a continuation of 2:24 where Hezron had a son born to him after his death. The son’s name was Ashhur and his descendants are listed in these verses. In verse 9, Jabez is said to have been more honorable than his brothers. He prayed to Jehovah to help him so that he would not be as his name implied. Jabez means pain and he requested that Jehovah would keep him from harm. Jehovah granted his request. The city that was called by his name was where a clan of scribes lived. (2:55)
Verse 13 lists the sons of Kenaz, of whom one, Othniel, was the first judge of Israel. These sons of Kenaz were celebrated craftsmen and they lived in a place that was called Ge Harashim, which means Valley of Craftsmen.
Verse 15 lists the sons of Caleb, son of Jephunneh who was one of the spies that Moses sent into Canaan. He came back with a good report about the land and hence survived the forty-year wilderness trek.
Verses 21-23 lists the sons of Judah’s third son Shelah, the one Judah refused to allow to perform brother-in-law marriage with Tamar. His descendants became linen and pottery workers and they worked for the king.
Simeon who shared land with Judah is next considered. They were given towns within the tribe of Judah but in later years when they became prosperous (verse 38) they searched for land near Gedor (possibly Gerar) and found a land that was spacious, peaceful, quiet and was good pastureland. Hamites (Egyptians) were living there and the Simeonites took the land from them. This occurred during Hezekiah’s reign. Around the same time, 500 men invaded the hill country of Seir, destroyed the Amalekites living there and settled in their place. (Verse 43)
A MOST GRAND "SACRED SECRET" REVEALED! (Genesis 3:15, Revelation 10:7)
1 Chronicles Chapter 5
The genealogy of Reuben is given next. Reuben, although Jacob’s firstborn, lost his right as firstborn after he defiled his father’s marital bed. This right of firstborn became Joseph’s; therefore Reuben was not listed in the genealogical records as firstborn.
Commenting on the "right of firstborn," the Watchtower Society's 1969-71 release entitled, Aid To Bible Understanding remarks,
"From earliest times the firstborn son held an honored position in the family and was the one who succeeded to the headship of the household. He inherited a double portion of the father's property. (Deut. 21:17) Reuben was seated by Joseph at a meal according to his right as firstborn. (Gen. 43:33) But the Bible does not always honor the firstborn by listing sons according to birth. The first place is often given to the most prominent or faithful of the sons rather than to the firstborn. Gen. 6:10; 1 Chron. 1:28; compare Genesis 11:26, 32; 12:4." -- See Aid To Bible Understanding page 584 par. #1
Therefore because of the above, the actual giving of the right of "firstborn" to Joseph actually became God's Personal Responsibility and God's Right to decide, a "Judicial Decision" from Jehovah, as to who receives the right of firstborn in this case. Jehovah made the choice of Joseph, wherein the rightful "2 parts" that normally goes to the firstborn son, now was given to Joseph. And in turn, Joseph's 2 sons and their descendants, the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh would receive each a blessed part, individually.
Again, this is very similar to the blessings of "2 parts" requested by the prophet Elisha of his spiritual "father," Elijah. (1 Cor. 4:15) This would give the prophet Elisha, the right to become spiritually speaking, the "firstborn" son of the greater prophet Elijah. Jesus once alluded to a passing on of a spiritual inheritance to his disciples, a "greater" blessing given to his loyal followers, where they too would do even "greater works" than Jesus, that is in a collective sense, as a firstborn progeny to him. -- 2 Kings 2:9, 10, 12, 15; John 14:12
Therefore, the passing on of the right of the firstborn is of great importance to the YORWW Arrangement, since we have come to understand, Jesus Christ himself, by leading a life of complete obedience to Jehovah's Law, the Mosaic Law, proved that he was truly a "Son" of God, a conqueror. (Romans 1:4; Rev. 3:21) Thus, by keeping the Divine Law perfectly without sin, Jesus actually became Adam's replacement as Patriarchal Head of human family, and Firstborn of all of mankind. In this way he became Davidic Heir, Messianic Heir, from David's line. Yes, Jesus became Jehovah's Choice, the Chosen One, to become God's firstborn from mankind. -- Acts 2:29, 30; 1 Corinthians 15:45
However, after doing this, we are reminded of one important fact, namely, in order to partake of these wonderous blessings as mankind's firstborn, as Adam was, Jesus would have to live upon earth, and rule from the earth, as the Davidic Heir, since this is the place that David ruled, yes, the earth. -- Psalms 72:7-17; Luke 1:32, 32
Of course, we all know, this would NOT be a desirable thing for Jesus, namely to give up his pre-human heavenly existence altogether, and accept permanent life on earth as David's earthly Heir....AWAY from His Heavenly Father...forevermore. No, this would not be a desirable thing at all. -- Psalms 45:17; Psalms 72:8, 17; Psalms 89:27-29
Therefore, Jesus himself tells of what really happened to the right of his becoming "firstborn" from among mankind, a position he acquired by fulfilling the Mosaic Law itself and replacing Adam. Since Jesus Christ in heaven was ALREADY, the "firstborn of ALL CREATION," the firstborn of God's Heavenly Family, as the "only begotten" son of Jehovah, in the heavens, such a title of being "firstborn" from among mankind as Adam was, would not be such an appealing honor. No but instead, such a designation as being "firstborn" from among mankind, would actually be a lesser honor to the one he already enjoyed in the heavens, with his Heavenly Father. -- John 1:18; Colossians 1:15
Therefore, for these reasons and others, Jesus indicated while on earth this great human "honor" that he had righteously acquired, would be passed on, as a gift to the "Spirit of Truth." He said,
"That one [spirit of truth] will glorify me, because he will receive from what is mine and will declare it to you. All the things that the Father has are mine. That is why I said he receives from what is mine and declares it to you." -- John 16:14, 15
Therefore, in this way, the "Spirit of Truth," a special person designated by God, a chosen vessel, could receive "what is mine" from Jesus. This person, would become God's Choice, the "firstborn" from among mankind by way of a Choice...a choice by God. Just like Joseph was chosen by God, to acquire Reuben's right to being firstborn. Yes, Jehovah would again, choose...it would be God's Right to choose a fitting replacement for Adam, as "firstborn" from among mankind, the one we refer to as the "Spirit of Truth," the Modern Day "Servant" and "Chieftain" of God's Glorious Temple Arrangement upon earth. In this way, Jehovah's GRAND EDENIC PROMISE originally made in the Garden of Eden, would finally come true, namely a sinful descendant of Eve, the "seed" of Eve, would become the permanent "heir" and "son" of God, by way of an especially gracious act on his part, yes a very special "gift" from Jesus Christ to a sinner on earth...a chosen vessel of Jehovah. Thus, in Jehovah's original purpose, we see God's Great "Mystery" or "Sacred Secret" is finally revealed, yes "incomprehensible things," hitherto unseen things even, for all mankind to finally, finally see and understand. -- Isaiah 42:16; Jeremiah 33:3; 1 Corinthians 2:9
Yes, it was God's original purpose, to use Jesus as a Special Agent, to release mankind from sin and death by his unswelving loyalty and obedience in keeping Divine Law, to finally and fittingly, yes "break up the works" of Satan the Devil, and become the All-Time Chief "means" by which Jehovah saves all of mankind. When Jesus accomplished this, it had already been decided in heaven, that now, Jesus would give up his hard earned right to become David's Kingdom Heir, and give away this most wonderful "gift" of being firstborn of mankind, to a sinful descendant of Eve, yes God's Choice to become Adam's Replacement, the Modern Day "Servant." And in so doing, Jehovah will have fully fulfilled His Glorious Eden Promise, originally made in the Garden of Eden when man first sinned, at the behest of Satan. Think about it. -- Psalms 89:27-29; John 16:13, 14; Isaiah 49:1-7; Ezekiel 44:3; Genesis 3:15; 1 John 3:8; Acts 28:28; Revelation 10:7
Reuben’s descendants occupied the land in the Transjordan, east of the Jordan River, up to the desert that extended to the Euphrates River. During Saul’s reign, the two and one-half tribes moved against the Hagrites, a territory east of Gilead and Jehovah gave them the victory. Thus they extended their territory up to the desert that bordered the Euphrates. (Verses 18-22)
Verses 11-17 contain the genealogical records of the tribe of Gad. These records were compiled during the reigns of Jotham in Judah and Jeroboam in Israel. Their territory was Gilead and Bashan.
Verses 23, 24 give the genealogical records of the leaders of the half-tribe of Manasseh. They were a numerous tribe and they settled in the land from Bashan to Mount Herman. More on their genealogy will be given in chapter 7. These tribes did not remain faithful to Jehovah and so were taken into exile by Tiglath-Pileser. He settled them in Halah, Habor, Hara and the river Gozan. They were the first to receive their land inheritance and the first tribes to be exiled because of idolatry.
1 Chronicles Chapter 6
The genealogy of the sons of Levi is next considered. The high priest lineage is given first as they were descended from Kohath through Amram. This record represents the line through Eleazar as no genealogy is given for Ithamar; Aaron’s other surviving son. The record does not appear to list all of the high priests. Jehoiada, who served as priest during the reigns of Athaliah and Joash is not listed neither is Uriah, who served during the reign of Ahaz and who built an idolatrous altar that Ahaz put into the temple courtyard replacing Jehovah's altar.
Verses 16-30 list the genealogies of the three sons of Levi. The genealogy of Kohath ends with the name of Samuel, the son of Elkanah, who was the last judge of Israel and the one who anointed Saul king of Israel.
The Levites who were appointed by David to serve as musicians when he built a tent for the Ark of the Covenant are next listed. The leader of these singers was Heman, a Kohathite, son of Joel, son of Samuel (vs 33) and his assistants were Asaph a Gershonite and Ethan a Merarite. (Verses 33-47) The rest of the Levites were assigned other duties in the tabernacle. But the Aaronic priests were specifically assigned to present the offerings made to Jehovah by fire.
Verses 54-80 lists the forty-eight towns, which included the cities of refuge, given to the families of sons of Levi. True to Jacob’s prophecy, these were scattered throughout Israel. This listing is also found at Joshua Chapter 21.
1 Chronicles Chapter 7
Verses 1-5 sets out the genealogical listing of the tribe of Issachar. Issachar had four sons and by the time of David there were 87,000 men registered for the army.
Verses 6-12 give a brief account of the genealogy of the tribe of Benjamin. There are three different sources of this genealogy, each of which gives a different count of the number of sons of Benjamin. In this account three sons are named along with their descendants. Chapter 8 lists the names of five sons and Genesis 46:21 records that Benjamin had ten sons who went into Egypt. Part of this number could have been names of grandsons as Numbers 26:38-41 lists five sons for him.
Verse 13 gives a very short account of the tribe of Naphtali. The four sons named here are the same as those listed in Genesis 46:24 and Numbers 26:48, 49.
Verses 14-19 give the genealogy of the tribe of Manasseh. Manasseh had an Aramean concubine who gave birth to Makir. Makir took a wife from the Benjamites and she gave birth to Gilead. Zelophehad, a descendant of Gilead, had only daughters. They went to Moses to say that since they had no brothers, they should inherit their father’s land inheritance and Jehovah agreed with them. The half-tribe that settled in the Transjordan were mainly comprised of descendants of Gilead and his sister, Hammoleketh.
Verses 20-29 list the descendants of Ephraim. Two of Ephraim’s sons, Ezer and Elead, were killed by Canaanites dwelling in Gath. This event most likely occurred during Israel’s sojourn in Egypt. His wife gave birth to another son and they called him Beriah, which means ‘misfortune.’ Joshua, who was Moses’ aide, was a descendant of Beriah. The lands and settlements of Ephraim are also given.
Verses 30-40 gives a genealogy of the tribe of Asher through his four sons. These sons are also the same as the listing given in Genesis 46:17. Numbers 26:44-46 lists only three sons and one daughter.
1 Chronicles Chapter 8
This listing of Benjamin’s sons beginning in verse 6 represents his line after Israel conquered the land of Canaan. Ehud was the second judge in Israel. (Judges 3:15) Saul’s ancestry is given in verses 29-32 through Jeiel (Abiel) who settled Gibeon. Saul’s four sons are listed in verse 33 but only the descendants of Jonathan are presented here. (Verses 34-40)
1 Chronicles Chapter 9
This chapter brings us to the listing of the returnees from Babylon. Israelites, priests, Levites and temple servants were the first to resettle in their own property in Jerusalem. Those from Judah, Benjamin, Ephraim and Manasseh who settled in Jerusalem are listed also. Those who were leaders and others of the tribe of Judah numbered 690; those from Benjamin numbered 956; those of the priests numbered 1,760. The number of Levites and temple servants who settled in Jerusalem is not given. Those who performed special services, as did the gatekeepers who had been assigned by David are also listed. Some of the services they performed were guarding the temple, opening its gates in the morning, keeping charge of the rooms, the supplies and the treasuries of the temple, as well as mixing the spices for the holy oil and baking the bread of Presence. The guards worked around the clock at their duties and sometime extra help was needed from their brothers in the surrounding cities.
A duplicate listing of Saul’s ancestry and lineage is given at the end of this chapter leading to the account of his death in chapter 10.
1 Chronicles Chapter 10
During the war with the Philistines, Saul and three of his four sons were killed. The account of his death is almost identical to the one given in 1 Samuel 31:1-13. The only additional information gleaned here is that the Philistines took Saul’s head as well as his armor and put them into the house of their god, Dagon. Verse 13 delineates the reasons why Saul died in such an ignominious manner. We learn that he was unfaithful to Jehovah, he did not keep Jehovah’s word and he consulted a spirit medium rather than consult Jehovah.
1 Chronicles Chapter 11
This chapter begins with the anointing of David as king over all Israel in Hebron where he had already ruled for seven and one-half years over Judah. (2 Samuel 2:1-7) The events leading to David’s becoming king over the twelve tribes are omitted. (2 Samuel 2:8–5:5) A brief account of David’s conquest of Jebus (Jerusalem) is given and how Joab became commander-in-chief of David’s army during this conquest. David joined the city and the fortress of Zion by building terraces; that is, he filled in the low areas with dirt to bring them up to land height. This area then was called the City of David. Solomon later added more terraces to extend the city to include Mount Moriah.
The listing and exploits of the men who supported David are given. This listing includes the names of the men that are recorded in 2 Samuel 23:8-39. However there are more names listed in this chapter than in 2 Samuel 23.
1 Chronicles Chapter 12
After many encounters with Saul who was pursuing him, David eventually moved into Philistine territory, to Gath, to get away from Saul. He had requested that Achish, the ruler of Gath, give him a city and he gave him Ziklag. (1 Samuel 27:5-7) Many able warriors from Saul’s own tribe, Benjamin, defected to David at this time. They were showing that they recognized David to be God’s appointed ruler. Brave warriors from Gad had defected to David earlier when he was in the desert of Judah and they were said to have the faces of lions and to be as swift as gazelles. They were extraordinary men as the least was a match for a hundred men and the greatest was a match for a thousand men. Eleven men are named here. Even men from Judah came to David but he did not trust them completely until their leader, Amasai, spoke up to show that they were ardent supporters of him. They became leaders of raiding bands.
When David was accompanying Achish to fight Saul, men from Manasseh defected to him. He was sent back because the other Philistine leaders did not trust him. These men from Manasseh were valiant fighting men, commanders of thousands and they came to Ziklag to help David. Day by day men came to David until he had a large army with him.
When all Israel came to Hebron to make David king over them, warriors from all of the tribes came, including Levi. They came with provisions and other tribes brought provisions at this time and they all stayed in Hebron with David enjoying the association and the food because there was joy in Israel on this day.
1 Chronicles Chapter 13
David's attempt to bring the ark from Kiriath Jearim where it had been since the Philistines returned it after capturing it from the sons of Eli was not a success. It may well have remained at the home of Abinadab for nearly a century because Saul did not inquire of it during his reign. When Jehovah put Uzzah to death because he reached out to steady the ark when it was nearly upset by the oxen, David became afraid and took it aside to the home of Obed-Edom where it remained for three months.
1 Chronicles Chapter 14
Hiram sent building material and skilled craftsmen to David at Jerusalem to help build a palace for him. According to The Bible History Commentary of the Old Testament, page 605, the building of a palace “was considered essential in order to authenticate the reign of a new king. Having entered into a friendly alliance with the Phoenician King Hiram, David engaged him and his artisans in the project of providing cedar logs and doing the work of construction, using skills for which the Phoenicians were famous.” David now knew that his rulership had been established over Israel and that Jehovah had elevated him to great prominence.
The Bible History Commentary of the Old Testament continues: “Another symbol of oriental regal splendor was the accumulation of a large harem of wives and concubines.” David took this to heart and he took more wives and had at least another thirteen sons in addition to those he fathered while living in Hebron.
The Philistines heard that David had become king they invaded Israel hoping to launch a surprise attack on David but he learned about it and went out to meet them. David inquired of Jehovah whether he should attack them and if He would give him the victory. Jehovah told him that He would give them into his hands. David defeated the Philistines at Baal Perazim and they fled leaving their gods behind. These were consigned to the fire as was required by Jehovah’s law.
The Philistines again invaded Israel and Jehovah told him how the attack should be carried out. David obeyed Jehovah and the Philistine army was routed and pushed out of Israel completely. David became very famous and all the nations began to fear him.
1 Chronicles Chapter 15
After David completed his building program, he set up a tent for the ark of God and the Levites carried it in the manner prescribed in the Law of Moses. Before bringing the ark into Jerusalem, he called all of the leaders of the Levites and the Aaronic priest together to make preparation. The Levites would have to consecrate themselves because they were to carry the ark on their shoulders using the poles provided. Then David organized the Levites by appointing some of them as singers, some to play the cymbals, lyres and harps, some to be doorkeepers and some to blow the trumpets before the ark. After these arrangements were completed, David gathered the elders and the commanders of thousands and they went to the house of Obed-Edom to bring the ark to Jerusalem.
The Levites carried the ark using the poles made for that purpose. The priest sounded the trumpets and rams’ horns and the Levites played the cymbals and lyres and harps. The people were shouting as the ark entered the City of David. David was very joyful and was dancing in celebration. His wife Michal did not show the same spirit. As she watched from a window she despised him in her heart.
1 Chronicles Chapter 16
When they arrived in Jerusalem they put the ark inside the tent that David had made; they then offered burnt offerings and fellowship offerings before Jehovah. David then blessed the people and gave each of them some bread and cakes of dates and raisins. The Levites then began their appointed duties of ministering before the ark.
David left Zadok and the other priests to minister before the tabernacle that Moses had constructed which was located in Gibeon. The bronze altar was there and the priest were to continue the regular burnt offerings as prescribed in the Law of Moses. He also stationed some of the Levites as musicians to sing and play the sacred songs and he assigned gatekeepers at this tabernacle.
David had composed a psalm of thanksgiving for this occasion and he put it in the care and keep of Asaph who was the chief musician. This psalm can be found in portions of the Book of the Psalms. Verses 8-22 can be found in Psalm 105:1-15; verses 23-33 in Psalm 96 and verses 34-36 in Psalm 106:1, 47, 48.
1 Chronicles Chapter 17
After David had settled in his palace, he expressed a desire to build an appropriate house for the Ark of the Covenant of Jehovah. Jehovah sent word to David through Nathan the prophet that He had not required anyone to build Him a house all of the time He has been with Israel. He had made David ruler over His people and He would make his name great in all the earth. He also spoke of a future time when He would give Israel a home where they would not be disturbed or oppressed ever again as He would give them rest from their enemies. He then told David that he would build him a house by raising up one of his offspring to succeed him. He would be the one who would build a house for Jehovah and his throne would be established forever. This prophecy had a typical fulfillment in Solomon but the complete fulfillment would not occur until our modern times. David went to Jehovah in prayer to express his gratitude to Jehovah for this great honor that He was bestowing upon him by building him an everlasting house. See commentary for 2 Samuel chapter 7 for more details.
1 Chronicles Chapter 18
David defeated the Philistines and took Gath, their principal city, and its villages. He subdued the Moabites and they became his subjects. He fought the king of Zobah when he went to secure Israel’s borders along the Euphrates River. He captured many of his chariots and charioteers and foot soldiers. He then hamstrung most of the chariot horses. The Arameans came to help the king of Zobah and David defeated them, put garrisons in their towns and they became subject to him. The gold shields and the bronze that he took from the king of Zobah David dedicated for the building of the temple. The king of Hamath also paid tribute to David. The Edomites were also made subject to David when Abishai struck down eighteen thousand in the Valley of Salt. Jehovah truly gave him victory wherever he went. All of the tribute paid to David by the nations was put into the treasury for the house of Jehovah.
1 Chronicles Chapter 19
When the king of Ammon died, David sent emissaries to his son to express his sympathy. The Ammonites humiliated these men because they thought that David was sending them to spy out the land so that he could overthrow it. When they realized that they had made a grave mistake, they sent money to their Aramean neighbors to hire an army to help them fight David’s army. When David heard about this he sent Joab and the entire army to fight. Joab saw that the there was an army in front of him and one behind him, so he divided his army into two groups and put one group under Abishai’s command. They would support each other if one or the other was losing the battle. Joab advanced against the Arameans and routed them and the Ammonites retreated into their city.
The Arameans were unhappy about the defeat they suffered so they returned home to get reinforcements to engage Israel in battle again. When David heard this, he gathered his army and crossed the Jordan and met the Arameans in battle. The Arameans again were defeated with thousands of their soldiers being killed. After this they made peace with David and became his subjects.
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